Choosing a front-end development tool can be a tricky and wearisome decision. Comparing VueJS vs ReactJS, along with other tools that can be included in a comprehensive comparison, is a highly relevant topic, especially in 2018. Entrepreneurs that are interested in extending their web business conduct deep research to understand which tool caters to their business needs the best. But it is not so easy to pick the right tool, mainly because all of the most powerful frameworks and libraries for front-end development can implement any idea and show amazing performance.
No doubt, there is no better experience than to try a library or a framework by yourself. No article in existence can explain their perks or advantages the way you can experience them for yourself. But here I have tried to describe my own experience in a way that would be the most informative and useful for our readers. Here, you can find a brief introduction to the comparison of two of the most popular front-end tools. So, React vs Vue: which one to choose?
VueJS vs ReactJS: The Intro
Every developer is unique. Everyone has their own point of view when it comes to development approaches, methods, and preferences. We could say the same thing about any development tool: each one has its own character and exceptional features. Even if it seems like Vue and React are quite similar, and it does not matter which one you choose to implement your idea, there are perceptible differences between the approaches.
But let’s start with the basics and the things they have in common.
React is a library that was developed in 2013 by Facebook. This event shook the web development world. Such a powerful tool implemented by one of the world’s leading companies could not remain unnoticed. From the very beginning React attracted enormous attention, and as years went by, it has been engaging more and more contributors. Such products as Paypal, Tumblr, Pinterest, Airbnb and many others use it for their needs.
Surprisingly, its strong position on the market has been shaken. Vue was introduced in 2016 and started its rocket-fueled growth. Nintendo, Alibaba and plenty of other websites are successful VueJS users. The tool was created by an ex-Google developer and attracted the attention of both beginners and experienced developers.
Let’s take a look at the following numbers: more than 1,100 developers contribute to React, and it has earned 89k stars on GitHub. On the other hand, there are more than a hundred Vue contributors, and it has earned almost 85k stars. People love VueJS, and an interesting trend has emerged: lately, developers choose Vue over React.
There are 3 main features common between Vue and React:
- they are based on a Virtual DOM model
- they share component-based architecture
- they focus on the root library and transfer extra tasks to other libraries.
At the same time, Vue and React are completely different development tools. So, I would like to lead you through an analysis of their specifics below.
VueJS vs ReactJS: Differences In A Nutshell
The very first thing I would like you to draw your attention to is that React is a library, and Vue is a framework. This is at the core of the following differences I have had experience with.
I started my research from the documentation. It was the origin of the idea to create this comparison. Even though React has brilliant documentation, I found that the information is highlighted more accurately and the content is easier to understand in Vue’s case.
React is for functional programming. And using React together with Redux means implementing the functional programming paradigm. With the growth of React’s popularity, the popularity of this approach has been rising, too. MobX management library enhances React with mutable features. Together, they create a system that is quite close to Vue. So, if you are not fond of the functional approach, go directly to Vue.
- Hello, World!
Most developers start their acquaintance with a tool by creating a “Hello, World” program. I noticed during the testing that the code is shorter and clearer when coding in Vue.
- DOM Implementation
Both tools are built on DOM, but there is a difference in their implementations. Vue.js works directly with the DOM as a template, saving the references to binding nodes. Each update does not require rebuilding the whole app. On the other hand, React’s memory keeps the current DOM, which makes it hard to take control over the process. This fact in quite annoying if you develop a time-synchronized animation. On this point, Vue shows better flexibility.
I have been through lots and lots of articles that postulated that the Vue vs React performance is nearly identical. Then I decided to test their performance myself. As the result, it is true that smart Vue optimizations can make it faster.
This difference can show React features in a very positive light. React has a rich ecosystem that is considerably bigger in comparison to Vue.
Of course, having access to a powerful fragmented ecosystem is good. On the other hand, it can also create complications for beginners. So, if you’re just starting your path in front-end development, it is better to go with Vue.
- Template vs JSX
Arguing about templates and JSX’s role and simplicity goes way back. Many development specialists find templating unnecessary and problematic. But is it really that difficult? Well, no. Templating is quite easy to be implemented as it does not require any additional skills or effort. In fact, JSX is a syntax based on JS, just like the template is represented by additional syntax in HTML. JSX breaks the model of code mapping by using JS logic; templates do not add complications to the development process.
- CSS Details
Vue can handle CSS in a uniquely easy way. CSS-in-JS libraries support this framework. In single-file components, styling is done by a special style tag. It provides developers with the opportunity to highlight syntax and deliver the component scoped CSS.
- Required Experience
Following the topic that was started above, I would like to dedicate this part of the article to front-end development beginners. React development requires previous experience in using JSX and ES2015+. Everything about React is pure JS, including HTML structures and internal CSS elements, so be ready for challenges.
Vue is based on traditional web development techniques. It does not demand any specific skills: just do your business. Vue is easier for a newcomer.
- Scope Of Application
And last, but not least. Let’s remember the reason React was created. It was developed by Facebook experts to fulfill tasks for sites like Facebook. According to some expert opinions, ReactJS is overrated. The tool is perfect for an extremely large scalable project like Facebook. But we do not develop such huge projects every day. And when it comes to different cases, such as a typical website or app, React only complicates the development process and slows it down.
Read also: Legends of VueJS
To Choose Or Not To Choose: VueJS’s Pros And Cons
I found Vue really useful and convenient. My projects developed using this framework were a real delight to work on and left my clients completely satisfied. But things that suit one person well cannot cater to everyone’s needs. That’s why I decided to describe VueJS advantages and disadvantages and present them to you.
The Advantages Of VueJS:
- Inherited Features
It is an aesthetical pleasure to read and write Vue code. This framework inherited a lot of the most prominent readability features from React and Angular. Component approach and hierarchy, back-end rendering and many other useful features inherited from React attract developers’ attention. Convenient syntax taken from Angular is what makes them want to switch to Vue immediately.
VueJS caters to the needs of both junior specialists and senior developers. Complex patterns can be created without losing focus on business tasks. Vue allows you to take a look at the full picture of the web service without the necessity of dividing it into components.
- State Management
Data and props methods provide simple and convenient state management features. They assist in development tasks very well.
But software development has never been a piece of cake. And even a great tool like Vue has some disadvantages that we need to take a look at.
The Disadvantages Of VueJS:
- Runtime Errors
This annoying error is considered to be one of the most unappealing features when working with VueJS. There is no one-size-fits-all solution on how to bypass this awful problem yet, and the best solutions are yet to come.
- Lack Of Components
Vue’s community is rather young, and the number of stable components is small. But still, the framework is on its way to success, so it is believed this problem is going to become irrelevant soon.
- One-Man Project
This point is hard to be recognized as a pure pro or a pure con. It depends on what kind of solution you want to develop. After Evan You finished his career at Meteor and Google, he decided to create a tool for fast prototyping. And Vue has maintained this “one person project” characteristic till now: on the one hand, it may lack support in terms of developing libraries and updating Vue itself, on the other hand, you can do amazing things without libraries.
The Bottom Line
Vue and React are highly popular tools for web interfaces development. As was mentioned at the very beginning, both of them are powerful, fast and show great performance. When it comes to choosing the better solution, you should understand your wishes and needs in-depth and compare them to the tool’s capabilities.
React is nice for developing large enterprise websites and applications. It is of great help when building mobile apps, and code in React is easy to test.
Vue is a simple solution that any developer would find convenient. No matter whether you are a new developer or an experienced team lead, you would find something new, interesting and helpful in Vue. Vue templates make the development process easier, and its syntax satisfies programmers’ desires.
So, choose carefully and pick the tool that would make the development process most pleasant. In case of any questions of technology choice for your project do not hesitate to contact our development team.